Skip to main content
Oil & Gas

Tracker data: Public and MPs see climate action as best route to energy independence

19 October 2023

Our polling of MP and public data across two waves (October 2022 and April 2023) asked respondents to indicate what they felt was the best way to eliminate UK dependence on Russian oil and gas.

While there has been a slight dip between waves, the majority of MPs and members of the public still say that the best way to reduce UK dependence is to reduce our use of fossil fuels all together and instead expand our use of renewable energy (such as wind and solar.

Approximately a third of MPs believe the best way is to increase the UK’s domestic supply of oil and gas through expanded drilling and fracking, but this is less popular with the public.


The latest from the Oil & Gas timeline:

Opinion Insight 17th January 2024

Differences in support for oil and gas track political divides

A survey of 2000 people (in Novembers and December 2023) as part of the DeepDCarb project, has found mixed views on oil and gas expansion, and differences which track political divides.

30% were opposed to ‘Issue licences to permit new oil and gas expansion’, 30% neither supported or opposed new licenses (or didn’t have an opinion), and a slightly higher number (41%) were in support.

But bigger differences were apparent when the survey sample was split according to voting intention. Expansion was supported by two-thirds of both Conservative and Reform voters (and only opposed by one in ten), while Labour voters opposed expansion (41%) more often than they favoured it (34%). The majority of Green and SNP voters were opposed.

The findings mirror Climate Barometer data showing clear divides between left and right-leaning voters on oil and gas. But they also reflect patterns in wider research on the transition away from oil and gas, which indicate strong support for moving away from fossil fuels, alongside a willingness to accept the near-term need for domestic oil and gas.

  • Source: UK in a changing Europe
  • Authors: John Kenny, Andy Jordan,┬áLucas Geese, Chantal Sullivan-Thomsett and Irene Lorenzoni
  • Date: 17th January 2024
Policy Insight 18th December 2023

Legal challenge launched against Rosebank North Sea oil field

The campaign groups Greenpeace and Uplift launched a legal challenge against Government plans to develop the Rosebank oilfield in the North Sea.

The development is at odds with guidance from the Climate Change Committee, which has cautioned against the development of new oil and gas fields in the North Sea as inconsistent with the country’s net zero targets.

The COP28 conference ended with a call for a transition away from fossil fuels – although stopped short of calling for a phase out (or even phase down) of oil and gas. In the space between global net zero goals, and the continuing need for fossil fuels in the short term, politicians and campaigners are shaping the pace and ambition of the shift away from oil and gas. Find out what the UK public thinks about transitioning away from fossil fuels here.

Climate Barometer Tracker 30th November 2023

Tracker data: Public oppose fracking, but it continues to polarise MPs

Climate Barometer tracker data shows that there is significantly more support than opposition for ending fracking in the UK.

A closer look reveals further details: by splitting the data according to party political support, there is a more equal division among Conservative voters on whether the UK should end fracking.

But opposition to ending fracking is particularly high among Conservative MPs (55%). This stands in stark contrast with Labour MPs, 85% of whom support ending fracking. This makes fracking one of the most polarising aspects of the energy system among MPs – on many other issues (insulation, solar, offshore wind) there is much less difference between the representatives of different political parties.


View Oil & Gas timeline now

Add Feedback